Policastro Gulf (39°59’N, 015°42’ E) is a marine area famous to be an important nesting site for loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta). However, due to the scarce extension of the Lucan coast (30 Km) and the proximity to the most famous Cilento and Calabria, this area is often touristically and scientifically forgotten. Nevertheless, according to local stakeholders, the marine area seems to host habitat and species listed in Annex I and II of Habitat Directive (92/43/CE) and under the assessment of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive 2008/56/CE, such as: bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta), Posidonia oceanica beds and estuaries. Striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) and sperm whales (Physester macrocephalus) are also sighted sometimes, especially during spring and autumn periods.
About the inland area, due to the proximity of two National Parks (Pollino and Cilento), the fauna is also unique and protected by the Habitat Directive as well , like wolfs (Canis lupis), otters (Lutra lutra), seven bat species (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rhinolophus euryale, Rhinolophus hipposideros, Barbastella barbastellus, Myotis myotis, Myotis blythii, Miniopterus schreibersii), Apennine yellow-bellied toads (Bombina pachypus), spectacled salamanders (Salmandrina terdigitata), Italian crested newts (Triturus carnifex) and four-lined snakes (Elaphe quatuorlineata), and different protected species of birds (Birds Directive 2009/147/CE).